[1]韩茜,胡伟,林雪茜,等.苏州市野生动物收容救护现状调查与分析[J].江苏林业科技,2021,48(02):34-41.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.008]
 Han Qian,Hu Wei,Lin Xueqian,et al.Current situation and analysis of wildlife rescue in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2021,48(02):34-41.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.008]
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苏州市野生动物收容救护现状调查与分析()
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《江苏林业科技》[ISSN:1001-7380/CN:32-1236/S]

卷:
第48卷
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
34-41
栏目:
试验研究
出版日期:
2021-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Current situation and analysis of wildlife rescue in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province
文章编号:
1001-7380(2021)02-0034-08
作者:
韩茜1胡伟1林雪茜2唐建2姚新华2鲁长虎1*
1.南京林业大学,江苏 南京 210037;
2.苏州市林业站,江苏 苏州 215100
Author(s):
Han Qian1Hu Wei1Lin Xueqian2Tang Jian2Yao Xinhua2Lu Changhu1*
1. Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037,China;
2. Suzhou Forestry Station, Suzhou 215100, China
关键词:
野生动物救护放归收容苏州市
Keywords:
Widdlife RescueSuccessful releaseRefugeSuzhou
分类号:
S863
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.008
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
野生动物收容救护是野生动物保护工作的重要组成部分。该文对2017—2019年苏州市收容救护野生动物概况、主要类群、救护时间和救护去向等4个方面进行了调查研究,发现苏州市救护动物总数量为3 172 只,隶属于4纲25目57科143种,其中国家重点保护野生动物47种;救护鸟类的种数最多(90种,占总种数的62.5%),两栖类的个体数量最多(2 157 只,占总数量的68%),外来爬行类物种数占爬行类总物种数的57.9%(20种),兽类中养殖逃逸的个体数量最多(16只,占总数量的29.6%);野生动物收容救护具有季节性,主要集中在春、夏繁殖季,救护个体数量的高峰出现在4,6,7月(分别占总数量的16.2%,33.7%,25.4%),救护种数的高峰出现在4,5,7月(分别占总物种数的33.6%,30.8%,30.1%);成功放归的动物数量共2 273只(占总数量的71.7%),2017—2019年苏州市救护成功率逐年提高。相关部门应针对不同动物类群制定不同的救护标准;在救护高峰期加大保护力度,加强对网络平台非法野生动物贸易的监管,完善收容救护各环节规范性。
Abstract:
Wildlife rescue is an important part of wildlife protection. Based on the analysis of the general situation, main groups, rescue time and rescue destination of the wild animals in Suzhou from 2017 to 2019, the followings were found that (1) The total number of rescue individuals was 3 172, belonging to 143 species of 57 families, 25 orders, 4 classes, in which 47 species are under national key protection. (2) In the total rescue groups, the species of birds accounted for the largest proportion (62.5%, 90 of 143 species), and amphibians were the most numerous (68%, 2,157 of 3,172 individuals). Alien species in reptiles accounted for more than half of the total reptiles species (57.9%, 20 of 37).Among the mammals(29.6%, 16 of 54 individuals) escaped from breeding. (3)Wildlife rescuing existed a seasonal pattern, mainly concentrated in spring and summer breeding season, the rescue peaks of species abundance were concentrated in spring and summer, the peaks of the rescued individuals occurred in April, June and July (16.2%, 33.7% and 25.4% of total number) while the highest number of species occurred in April, May and July (33.6%, 30.8% and 30.1% of total species). (4) 2 273 individuals (71.7% of total number) were released and the success rate of rescue increased year by year. It was suggested that relevant departments should formulate different rescue standards for different animal groups, strengthen the protection during the peak period of rescue, focus on the supervision of illegal wildlife trade on the network platform, and improve the standardization of all aspects of rescue.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-02-09;修回日期:2021-02-22
基金项目:苏州市陆生野生动物资源调查
作者简介:韩茜(1996- ),女,江苏南京人,硕士研究生。主要从事动物生态与保护。E-mail: 377065272@qq.com。
*通信作者:鲁长虎(1966- )男,安徽全椒人,教授,博士。主要从事动物学、野生动植物保护与利用领域的研究工作。E-mail: luchanghu@ njfu.com.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-06-07