[1]柳丽霞,程筵寿,毛云飞,等.嫁接方法对香榧接穗成活和新梢生长的影响[J].江苏林业科技,2021,48(02):27-29.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.006]
 Liu Lixia,Cheng Yanshou,Mao Yunfei,et al.Effect of grafting method on scion survival and shoot growth of Torreya Grandis ‘Merrillii’[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2021,48(02):27-29.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.006]
点击复制

嫁接方法对香榧接穗成活和新梢生长的影响()
分享到:

《江苏林业科技》[ISSN:1001-7380/CN:32-1236/S]

卷:
第48卷
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
27-29
栏目:
试验研究
出版日期:
2021-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of grafting method on scion survival and shoot growth of Torreya Grandis ‘Merrillii’
文章编号:
1001-7380(2021)02-0027-03
作者:
柳丽霞程筵寿毛云飞黄明文唐昌贻*
浙江省遂昌县自然资源和规划局,浙江 遂昌 323300
Author(s):
Liu LixiaCheng YanshouMao YunfeiHuang MingwenTang Changyi*
Natural Resources and Planning Bureau of Suichang County, Suichang 323300,China
关键词:
香榧嫁接接穗成活率生长
Keywords:
Torreya grandis ‘Merrillii’GraftingScionSurvivalGrowth
分类号:
S723.2;S791.53
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.006
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了提高香榧接穗嫁接成活率和新梢生长量,以培育3 a的当地榧树实生苗和诸暨枫桥的香榧枝条为材料,分别于2019,2020年3月进行香榧苗木嫁接试验,当年10月下旬统计劈接、切接、插皮接、贴枝接 4种嫁接方法的接穗嫁接成活率、测定年新梢长度和基径。结果显示,嫁接方法对嫁接后接穗成活率有极大影响,4种嫁接方法的接穗嫁接成活率最高的是插皮接(2 a平均成活率为92.80%),比最低的贴枝接(2 a平均成活率为58.18%),提高34.62%,达极显著差异(P=0.000 1)。插皮接新梢基径、新梢生长量最高,分别为4.57 mm,22.29 cm,新梢基径最低的是劈接4.45 mm,新梢生长量最低的是切接21.44 cm,贴枝接的新梢基径和新梢生长量均居于第3,不同嫁接方法之间,新梢基径、新梢生长量虽有差异,但差异不显著(P>0.846 2)。因此,采用嫁接技术培育无性繁殖的香榧苗时,应优先考虑插皮接方法,然后再考虑用切接法或劈接法。
Abstract:
To improve the growth of new shoots of Torreya Grandis ‘Merrillii’, using Chinese Torreya seedlings aged 3 as rootstock, the scion survival, the base diameter and length growth of new shoots were subsequently studied with such 4 propagation methods as split grafting, cut grafting, skin grafting and stick grafting. The results showed that the grafting method had a great influence on the scion survival. Two years after graft, among 4 methods, skin grafting could get the highest survival (92.80% on average), 34.62% higher than that of stick grafting (58.18% on average, the lowest), with extremely significant difference (P=0.000 1). The base diameter and length growth of new shoots with skin grafting could reach the highest (4.57 mm, 22.29 cm) while the base diameter of the new shoot with split grafting got the lowest (4.45 mm). And the lowest shoot growth was found in cutting grafting (21.44 cm). Stick grafting performed thirdly in the base diameter and shoot length growth. There were no significant differences in the base diameter and shoot growth among 4 methods. So we concluded that using graft to asexually breed T. grandis ‘Merrillii’, skin grafting should be first considered, and cut grafting or split grafting considered next.

参考文献/References:

[1]黎章矩,戴文圣.中国香榧[M].北京:科学出版社,2007.
[2]韩宁,王东辉.香榧栽培技术[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2006.
[3]戴文圣,黎章矩,喻卫武,等.图说香榧实用栽培技术[M].杭州:浙江科学技术出版社,2009.
[4]昊丰军.香榧栽培技术[J].安徽林业,2006(4):39.
[5]覃忠样,蔡卫东,韦蓉静.黔南引种香榧嫁接时间与方法对成活率的影响[J].绿色科技,2018(19):88-89.
[6]吴连海,颜福花,姜根平,等.香榧实生大苗嫁接技术试验[J].浙江林业科技,2013,33(2):67-70.
[7]杜敏红,厉锋,胡文翠,等.香榧嫁接成活因素研究[J].华东森林经理,2007,21(1):35-36.39.
[8]张小辉,严志伟,邓朝富,等.砧木地径大小对当年香榧生长的影响[J].湖北林业科技, 2019,48(3):54-56.
[9]李爱华,向珊珊,李坤位,等.嫁接时间和嫁接方法对香榧苗成活和春梢生长的影响[J].湖北林业科技, 2020,49(5):24-25,30.
[10]王沙生,高荣孚,吴贯明.植物生理学[M].北京:中国林业出版社,1991:165-172.
[11]戴文圣,黎章矩,程晓建,等.香榧贴枝接技术[P].2007-01-03.

相似文献/References:

[1]杨炜远,阮树安,王荣永,等.无花果绿枝嫁接技术初报[J].江苏林业科技,2016,43(02):37.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2016.01.011]
[2]张 斌,王晓丽,陈 婷,等.薄壳山核桃砧木不同处理对嫁接苗生长的影响[J].江苏林业科技,2016,43(03):25.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2016.03.007]
 ZHANG Bin,WANG Xiao-li,CHEN Ting,et al.Trial of Carya illinoensis rind grafting in the field with different rootstock treatment[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2016,43(02):25.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2016.03.007]
[3]王 挺,刘 锦,黎念林,等.3种樱花嫁接繁殖试验[J].江苏林业科技,2016,43(04):25.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2016.04.007]
[4]黄爱华,毛培坚,唐昌贻.对香榧营造林中存在问题的思考[J].江苏林业科技,2016,43(04):56.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2016.04.015]
[5]蔡卫佳,谭 军,沙建国.乌桕育苗与栽培技术研究进展[J].江苏林业科技,2016,43(06):49.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2016.06.013]
[6]孙立峰,奚月明,徐 春,等.豆梨嫁接繁殖技术规程[J].江苏林业科技,2017,44(05):41.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2017.05.010]
[7]何爱华,孙李勇,王贤荣.樱属植物嫁接繁殖技术概述[J].江苏林业科技,2018,45(03):43.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2018.03.011]
[8]谢爱香,毛云飞,黄明文,等.乌饭树砧木嫁接蓝莓试验[J].江苏林业科技,2020,47(06):34.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.06.007]
[9]程筵寿,叶陈育,王卫东,等.不同来源的香榧优良雄树筛选初报[J].江苏林业科技,2020,47(04):28.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.04.007]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-01-09;修回日期:2021-01-28
基金项目:浙江省遂昌县人民政府办公室“遂昌县香榧产业发展规划2014-2016”([2014]134号)
作者简介:柳丽霞(1974- ),女,浙江遂昌人,工程师,大学本科毕业。从事林业技术研究与推广。E-mail:lsscllx@163.com;Tel:13957046766。
*通信作者:唐昌贻(1963- ),男,浙江遂昌人,高级工程师,大学本科毕业。从事森林培育研究和推广。E-mail:m13777692149_2@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-06-07