[1]李冬林,冯玉宇,石根才,等.苏州市上方山森林植被分类及其群落学特征[J].江苏林业科技,2020,47(02):24-30.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.02.005]
 Li Donglin,Feng Yuyu,Shi Gencai,et al.Forest vegetation classification and community characteristicsof Shangfang Mountain in Suzhou[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2020,47(02):24-30.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.02.005]
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苏州市上方山森林植被分类及其群落学特征()
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《江苏林业科技》[ISSN:1001-7380/CN:32-1236/S]

卷:
第47卷
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
24-30
栏目:
试验研究
出版日期:
2020-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Forest vegetation classification and community characteristicsof Shangfang Mountain in Suzhou
文章编号:
1001-7380(2020)02-0024-07
作者:
李冬林1冯玉宇2石根才2汤燕萍2
1.江苏省林业科学研究院,江苏南京211153;
2.苏州市植物园,江苏苏州215000
Author(s):
Li Donglin1Feng Yuyu2Shi Gencai2Tang Yanping2
1.Jiangsu Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 211153, China;
2. Suzhou Botanical Garden, Suzhou 215000, China
关键词:
森林植被群落物种多样性森林演替上方山
Keywords:
Forest vegetation CommunitySpeciesDiversityForest successionShangfang Mountain
分类号:
Q948.15+8
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.02.005
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
利用典型样地取样法,对苏州上方山国家森林公园森林群落进行了调查,对该区森林植被类型进行了划分,并对不同植被类型的物种多样性特征进行了分析。依据相关文献,上方山森林植被可以划分成5个植被型亚纲, 6个植被型组(植被型),11个群系,16个群丛。以马尾松为主体的暖性针叶林和枫香林、栓皮栎林、白栎林3种落叶阔叶林在本区分布最广,也具有丰富的竹林资源。由于立地条件和种群竞争的共同作用,不同植被类型的物种丰富度、多样性指标存在一定差异。湿地松林群落内阔叶树种组成稳定,个体竞争和缓,湿地松感病较少,在未来一定时期内可能长期存在,应加以保护和利用;马尾松林则日渐衰败,建议有选择地逐步清除病木,并采取合理的营林技术措施,促进其朝着稳定的落叶阔叶林或落叶常绿阔叶混交林演替。
Abstract:
Using typical plot sampling method, the forest community of the National Forest Park in Shangfang Mountain, Suzhou was surveyed, the forest vegetation types were divided, and the species diversity characteristics were analyzed. According to relevant literature, the forest vegetation in Shangfang Mountain could be divided into five subclasses, six groups (of vegetation type), composed of eleven formations and sixteen associations. It was found that the warm needle-leaved forest with Pinus massoniana as main constituent, and the deciduous broad-leaved forests as Liquidambar formosana forest, Quercus variabilis forest and Q. fabri forest were most widely distributed around, and also with abundant bamboo resources. Because of joint action of site conditions and population competition, there were some differences in species richness and diversity of different vegetation types. Evolved into an easing competition, less susceptible to pine nematode disease, and with a stable composition of broad-leaved tree species within, P. elliottii forest may become a long-term coniferous broad-leaved forest type in the future.Considering that P. massoniana forest was in decline, it was recommended that the dead pine wood should be selectively removed, and other reasonable management measures should be taken in order to promote its stable and healthy succession to deciduous broad-leaved forest, or evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-02-20;修回日期:2020-02-28
基金项目:江苏省林业三新工程项目“江苏省森林认证标准应用与试点”(LYSX[2016]34)
作者简介:李冬林(1969- ),男,河南睢县人,研究员,博士。主要从事植物生态学研究。E-mail: 704020830@qq.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-06-06