[1]王玄,刘威,常青,等.江苏阜宁繁殖季鸟类群落结构及多样性特征[J].江苏林业科技,2020,47(02):17-23.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.02.004]
 Wang Xuan,Liu Wei,Chang Qing,et al.Community structure and diversity of breeding birdswithin Funing County, Jiangsu Provinc[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2020,47(02):17-23.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.02.004]
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江苏阜宁繁殖季鸟类群落结构及多样性特征()
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《江苏林业科技》[ISSN:1001-7380/CN:32-1236/S]

卷:
第47卷
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
17-23
栏目:
试验研究
出版日期:
2020-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Community structure and diversity of breeding birdswithin Funing County, Jiangsu Provinc
文章编号:
1001-7380(2020)02-0017-07
作者:
王玄12刘威3常青4丁晶晶12*王磊12
1.江苏省林业科学研究院, 江苏南京211153;
2.江苏盐城滨海湿地国家定位观测研究站, 江苏南京211153;
3.生态环境部南京环境科学研究所, 江苏南京210042;
4.南京师范大学生命科学学院, 江苏南京210023
Author(s):
Wang Xuan12 Liu Wei3 Chang Qing4 Ding Jingjing12* Wang Lei12
1. Jiangsu Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 211153, China;
2. Jiangsu Yancheng Wetland Ecosystem Research Station,Nanjing 211153, China;
3. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the PRC,Nanjing 210042, China;
4. College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
关键词:
繁殖季鸟类群落结构多样性分析阜宁县
Keywords:
Breeding SeasonBirdCommunity structureDiversity analysisFuning County
分类号:
Q958.15+6 Q959.7
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.02.004
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了研究江苏阜宁县域内繁殖季鸟类群繁殖期落结构及其多样性特征,2018年5月和6月,采用固定距离样线调查法,对该区域布设的11条固定样线进行了鸟类的2次调查,共记录71种(隶属于14目41科)共5 218只鸟类个体,包括国家Ⅰ级重点保护鸟类1种,即东方白鹳( Ciconia boyciana );国家II 级重点保护鸟类3种,即小鸦鹃( Centropus bengalensis )、红脚隼( Falco amurensis )和游隼( F. peregrinus );及“三有保护动物”物种62种。多样性指数分析显示,阜宁县域内鸟类群落的Shannon-Wiene指数为2.71,Pielou均匀度指数为0.64,Simpson优势度指数为0.33;农田生境中记录到的鸟类物种数和个体数均最高。认为土地的利用类型和鸟类食物的丰富程度,对鸟类繁殖季群落结构及其多样性有着重要影响。
Abstract:
In order to learn the bird community structure and diversity within the boundary of Funing County, Jiangsu Province, two detailed avian surveys by using line-transect method and telescope equipment were committed in May and June, 2018 respectively. Totally 5 218 individuals belonging to 71 species, 41 families, 14 orders were recorded, including one new-recorded species, Ciconia boyciana (Oriental White Stork), other 3 species, namely, Centropus bengalensis, Falco amurensis and F. peregrinus, listed as State Second-Class Protected Animal, and 62 species protected by the state as the list of terrestrial wildlife with important ecological, scientific and social values. The bird biodiversity analysis showed that bird community’s Shannon-Wiene index was 2.71, Pielou Evenness index was 0.64, and Simpson Dominance index was 0.33. And for farmland, as a crucial landuse in Funing County, its type and the abundance of bird feed within had important influence on bird community structure and diversity.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-01-09;修回日期:2020-02-16
基金项目:生态环境部生物多样性调查、观测和评估项目(2019—2023年);江苏省林业科学研究院自主科研项目“江苏滨海湿地南部迁徙鸟类种群动态研究”(BM2018022)
作者简介:王玄(1990- ),男,江苏泗洪人,硕士。主要从事鸟类生态学研究。E-mail:xuanzaiwang@163.com。
*通信作者:丁晶晶(1982- ),女,江苏盐城人,副研究员,博士。主要从事动物生态学研究。E-mail:sunshinedjj@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-06-06