[1]柳絮飞,闵梦月,罗琚,等.南通市崇山区军山自然保护地与公园景区鸟类群落调查分析[J].江苏林业科技,2020,47(01):23-28.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.01.005]
 Liu Xufei,Min Mengyue,Luo Ju,et al.Bird differences between Junshan Nature Reserve and urban parks[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2020,47(01):23-28.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.01.005]
点击复制

南通市崇山区军山自然保护地与公园景区鸟类群落调查分析()
分享到:

《江苏林业科技》[ISSN:1001-7380/CN:32-1236/S]

卷:
第47卷
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
23-28
栏目:
试验研究
出版日期:
2020-03-22

文章信息/Info

Title:
Bird differences between Junshan Nature Reserve and urban parks
文章编号:
1001-7380(2020)01-0023-06
作者:
柳絮飞 闵梦月罗琚袁一鸣程攻王晓宇*
南京大学环境规划设计研究院股份公司, 江苏南京210093
Author(s):
Liu Xufei Min Mengyue Luo Ju Yuan Yiming Cheng Gong Wang Xiaoyu*
Institue of Environmental Planning & Design, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
关键词:
鸟类群落自然保护地生物多样性崇川区公园南通市
Keywords:
Bird communityNature reserveBiodiversityChongchuan District Urban park Nantong City
分类号:
Q958.2;Q959.7;S718.63
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2020.01.005
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
利用样线、样点法对南通市崇川区军山自然保护地和公园进行8次鸟类调查,并结合崇川区鸟类补充调查,共记录到鸟类11目34科63属90种,包括黑鸢(Milvus migrans)、凤头鹰(Accipiter trivirgatus)、日本松雀鹰(Accipiter gularis)、苍鹰(Accipiter gentilis)、红隼(Falco tinnunculus)、小鸦鹃(Centropus bengalensis)6种国家II级保护物种;统计分析表明,军山自然保护地与公园景区鸟类群落存在一定差异,物种丰富度更高,占整个崇川区的60%,而公园景区占比在22.22%与42.22%之间;与公园景区相比,军山自然保护地鸟类群落稳定性更高,而公园景区个别种类鸟数量较高,群落稳定性相对较差;在城市环境中,军山自然保护地可作为鸟类避难所和种源地,在保护城市生物多样性方面具有重要作用;管理部门可结合鸟类季节动态,错峰进行公园景区管理活动,如减少5—8月夏季繁殖期的喷药、剪枝等活动,以保护城市生物多样性。
Abstract:
Eight surveys of birds and another supplementary survey were conducted in five major parks in Chongchuan District of Nantong City by means of line transect and sample line methods. A total of 90 species of birds were recorded, which belong to 63 genera of 34 families of 11 orders, including such six species as Black Kite(Milvus migrans),Crested Goshawk(Accipiter trivirgatus),Japanese Sparrowhawk(Accipiter gularis),Eurasian Goshawk(Accipiter gentilis),Eurasian Kestrel(Falco tinnunculus)and Lesser Coucal(Centropus bengalensis), listed as State Second-Class Protected Animals. Research showed that there were some differences between Junshan Nature Reserve and other parks in bird community, and in Junshan Nature Reserve, the species richness was higher, accounting for 60% of that in the entire Chongchuan District while other parks occupied a range from 22.22% to 42.22%; Compared with those in urban parks, the bird community structure in Junshan Nature Reserve was more stable, but the species number in urban parks was higher, with the community stability relatively poor. In the urban environment, Junshan Nature Reserve could be used as a refuge for birds and provenance, and plays an important role in protecting urban biodiversity. Considering the bird breeding activities, the management departments could conduct park practice by reducing spraying, pruning and other activities from May to August for protecting urban biodiversity.

参考文献/References:

[1]FORMAN R T T. Horizontal processes, roads, suburbs, societal objectives, and landscape ecology[M].Landscape Ecological Analysis: Issues and Applications. London:Springer, 1999:35-53.
[2]CLEVENGERr A P, CHRUSZCZ B, GUNSON K E. Highway mitigation fencing reduces wildlife-vehicle collisions[J]. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2001, 29(2):646-653.
[3]HEEZIK Y, SMYTH A, MATHIEU R. Diversity of native and exotic birds across an urban gradient in a New Zealand city[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2008,87(3): 223-232.
[4]SAVARD J P L, CLERGEAU P, MENNECHEZ G. Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2000, 48(3-4): 131-142.
[5]方文珍,陈志鸿,陈小麟,等.厦门滨海湿地冬季鸟类群落多样性研究[J].海洋科学, 2007, 31(1):10-16.
[6]徐梦洁,赵其国.南通市农业可持续发展[J].经济地理, 2000, 20(4):77-80.
[7]约翰·马敬能,卡伦·菲利普斯,何芬奇.中国鸟类野外手册[M].长沙: 湖南教育出版社, 2000.
[8]郑光美.中国鸟类分类与分布名录: 3版[M].北京:科学出版社, 2017.
[9]HOVESJ G, BAKEWELL D. Shorebird studies manual [M]. Kuala Lumpur: Asian Wetland and Bureau Publication, 1989: 143-147.
[10]陈 波,包志毅.城市公园和郊区公园生物多样性评估的指标[J].生物多样性, 2003, (2):83-90.
[11]张和彬,王祖望,李典谟.生态复杂性研究——综述与展望[J].生态学报, 1996, 18(4):433-441.
[12]仇保兴.城市湿地公园的社会、经济和生态意义[J].中国园林, 2006(5):9-12.
[13]王显志,孙力伟.谈建设国家森林公园的生态意义社会意义及经济意义[J].林业科技情报, 2002, 34(1):95-95.
[14]杨 刚.多尺度下的城市公园生境格局对鸟类群落的影响[D].上海:华东师范大学,2014.
[15]KLAUS S, VOIGT W, FANG Y, et al. 破碎化景观下斑尾榛鸡(Tetrastes sewerzowi)斑块占有率分析(英文)[J].中国鸟类(英文版), 2013,4(3):232-239.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-12-02;修回日期:2019-12-29
基金项目:南通市崇川区生物多样性本底调查项目
作者简介:柳絮飞(1992- ),男,甘肃兰州人,硕士。主要从事野生动物生态学研究。E-mail:xfliu@njuae.cn。
*通信作者:王晓宇(1989- ),男,河南三门峡人,硕士。主要从事生物多样性保护研究。E-mail:xywang@njuae.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-15