[1]丁钰菏,朱建强*,杨涛,等.野生动物容纳量研究进展[J].江苏林业科技,2021,48(06):44-49.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.06.008]
 Ding Yuhe,Zhu Jianqiang*,Yang Tao,et al.Research advance on carrying capacity of wildlife[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2021,48(06):44-49.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.06.008]
点击复制

野生动物容纳量研究进展()
分享到:

《江苏林业科技》[ISSN:1001-7380/CN:32-1236/S]

卷:
第48卷
期数:
2021年06期
页码:
44-49
栏目:
综述与专论
出版日期:
2021-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research advance on carrying capacity of wildlife
文章编号:
1001-7380(2021)06-0044-06
作者:
丁钰菏1朱建强1*杨涛2张玉铭2
1.长江大学农学院/麋鹿健康与生境研究中心, 湖北 荆州 434025;
2.石首麋鹿国家级自然保护区管理处, 湖北 石首 434407
Author(s):
Ding Yuhe1 Zhu Jianqiang1* Yang Tao2 Zhang Yuming2
1.College of Agriculture/ Research Center of Milu Health and Habitat, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434025,China;
2.Shishou Milu National Nature Reserve Management Office, Shishou 434407,China
关键词:
野生动物容纳量营养容纳量空间容纳量研究进展
Keywords:
WildlifeCarrying capacityNutrient capacitySpace capacityResearch advance
分类号:
Q958.11
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.06.008
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
环境容纳量是体现生物生存环境限制的重要指标,是合理调节种群数量的重要依据。该文以“野生动物容纳量”“种群生存力分析”和“wildlife carrying capacity”为检索关键词,从CNKI和WOS中筛选出了59篇相关文献进行了总结分析。结果表明:野生动物容纳量的研究主要集中在营养容纳量和空间容纳量,其中以营养容纳量研究最为常见,在野生动物空间容纳量上还有探索空间;目前对鹿科动物容纳量的研究较多,对其余科属种的动物研究还不足;影响野生动物容纳量的主要因素有环境资源状况(数量、质量、波动)、动物个体在维持生存和生产过程中对营养物质的需求、生物对生境内资源的利用状况(数量、形式、效率和波动等)、生物种内及种间关系。考虑上述因素深入系统的研究还不够,动物栖息地容纳量具有动态性,一般选择冬季评估野生动物栖息地的容纳量,以有效判断环境容纳量的最低限值。为实施野生动物特别是珍稀物种栖息地精准管理,很有必要针对年际和年内水文差异开展野生动物动态容纳量研究。
Abstract:
Carrying capacity of wildlife is of importance in both reflecting the limit of living environment and regulating reasonably population number. Selected from CNKI and WOS by means of such key words as wildlife carrying capacity, analysis of population viability and wildlife carrying capacity, 59 relevant literatures were summarized and then analyzed. The results showed that: the research of carrying capacity of wild animals mainly focused on both nutrient carrying capacity and space carrying capacity, the former was the most common topic, but the latter still remained to be desired. By now, more researchers were devoted to the carrying capacity of cervidae while less to another animal families. And we found that the main affecting factors included environmental resources (quantity, quality, volatility), nutrient demands of individual animals in the process of living and propagation, the use of habitat resources by animals(quantity, form, efficiency and fluctuation, etc.) and biological intraspecific and interspecific relationship. Considering insufficient systematic study of the above factors, and dynamic habitat carrying capacity, generally, the winter was taken for assessing the habitat carrying capacity so as to effectively judge the lowest limit of environmental carrying capacity. In order to implement an accurate management of habitats, especially those of rare species, it is indispensible to carry on the relevant research on dynamic carrying capacity of wildlife base on the inter-annual and intra-annual hydrological differences.

参考文献/References:

[1]孙雪莹.扎龙保护区灰鹤秋迁期农田生境利用及环境容纳量分析[D].哈尔滨:东北林业大学,2020.
[2]吕思.野生动物资源保护的重要意义及对策[J].安徽农学通报,2021,27(14):37-38.
[3]环境容纳量_360百科[EB/OL]. https://baike.so.com/doc/6102754-6315865.html
[4]李佳.江西桃红岭国家级自然保护区梅花鹿生境适宜性评价[D]. 南昌:江西师范大学,2014.
[5]姜广顺.黑龙江省完达山地区生境破碎化对马鹿数量分布的影响[D].哈尔滨:东北林业大学,2004.
[6]陈军林.黄河三角洲繁殖东方白鹳生境选择和环境容纳量分析[D].合肥:安徽大学,2011.
[7]HOBBS N T, HANLEY T A. Habitat evaluation: do use/availability data reflect carrying capacity?[J]. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 1990,54(4): 515-522.
[8]陈良, 鲍毅新.野生动物环境容纳量的研究现状[J]. 浙江师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2006,29(4): 448-454.
[9]刘群秀,张明海.鹿类动物冬季环境容纳量估算方法评价[J]. 野生动物杂志, 2005,26(5): 47-50.
[10]侯万儒,任正隆,喻晓钢,等.四川九顶山自然保护区野生黑熊种群生存力初步分析[J].西华师范大学学报 (自然科学版), 2003,24(4): 381-384.
[11]DOWNS J A, GATES R J, MURRAY A T. Estimating carrying capacity for sandhill cranes using habitat suitability and spatial optimization models[J]. Ecological Modelling, 2008, 214(2-4): 284-292.
[12]孟根同.完达山东部林区野猪种群容纳量研究[D].哈尔滨:东北林业大学,2013.
[13]于清娟.种群生存力分析及其在麋鹿种群动态中的应用[D]. 兰州:兰州大学,2009.
[14]楚原梦冉,昝启杰,杨琼,等.广东内伶仃岛猕猴种群动态及种群生存力分析[J].野生动物学报,2019,40(2):259-266.

相似文献/References:

[1]韩茜,胡伟,林雪茜,等.苏州市野生动物收容救护现状调查与分析[J].江苏林业科技,2021,48(02):34.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.008]
 Han Qian,Hu Wei,Lin Xueqian,et al.Current situation and analysis of wildlife rescue in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province[J].Journal of Jiangsu Forestry Science &Technology,2021,48(06):34.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.02.008]
[2]李亚丽,王虎城,徐辉筠,等.禁食野生动物管理中的思考——以徐州市为例[J].江苏林业科技,2021,48(03):49.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7380.2021.03.011]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-10-07;修回日期:2021-10-29
基金项目:湖北省环保科技项目“麋鹿栖息地生态系统保护与修复研究”(2017B10)
作者简介:丁钰菏(1998- ),女,江苏南通人,硕士研究生。从事资源与环境生态研究。E-mail:1025791489@qq.com
*通信作者:朱建强(1963- ),男,陕西周至人,教授,博士。从事水土环境与生态工程研究。E-mail:zyjb@sina.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-01-13